Bone Grafting for Dental Implants
Preservation of Bone Following Tooth Removal
If you need to have a tooth removed, a special surgical procedure should be used to preserve as much of the bone surrounding the tooth as possible, particularly if you plan to replace the tooth with a dental implant. This is one of the primary reasons dentists refer surgical tooth removal to Dr. Nellen and Dr. Goeckerman.
Following tooth removal, the socket that remains is sometimes grafted in order to build up the bone for implant placement. This is also done to prevent the gum tissue from shrinking into the collapsed socket, which would occur during the healing period if it is not grafted.
Foundation for Dental Implant Placement
There are many reasons for bone loss, or deterioration, including periodontal (gum) disease, trauma, infection, and tooth loss or removal. When there is insufficient bone to place dental implants, it is necessary to add, or graft bone. Sometimes bone is taken from another area of the mouth, other times synthetic bone is used to build up the bone in the area where dental implants will be placed. This procedure can often be provided when the implants are placed.
Improvement of Anterior Esthetics
The bone in the front of the mouth is quite thin and when a front tooth is lost or removed, the bone resorbs, or melts away, much faster than bone in the back of the mouth. This eventually leads to a visible bony defect. When multiple front teeth are lost, the bone resorption, or deterioration, causes the lip to collapse, undermining the facial profile.
Scientific studies indicate that in the majority of cases, the esthetic results of implant treatment in the front of the mouth are significantly improved with bone grafting. Any defects in the bone resulting from tooth loss can be corrected with proper bone grafting, creating gum tissue and lip support for optimal esthetic results.